Many Spanish speakers … note I haven't taken linguistic courses in Spanish for like 3 or 4 years so I don't want to use terms erroneously. During the 19th century, Spanish liberal governments decreed just as many laws imposing the Castilian language as the absolutist Bourbon regime had during the previous century. But Spanish also absorbed those Greek loan words right along with the ordinary Latin ones. It is what we traditionally refer to as Spanish here in the western hemisphere. Other Languages of Spain - Catalan, Basque, Galician Catalan. In fact, the change from [f] to [h] is one of the most common phonological changes in all kinds of world languages. The standard literary and official form of Spanish, which is based on this dialect. 10 other facts about the “Spanish” language: It is estimated that over 400 million people speak Spanish making it the 2nd most widely spoken native language, behind Mandarin and just ahead of English. Did you know that over 661 million people around the world speak Spanish? Variety of Peninsular Spanish used in formal settings, personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Castilian_Spanish&oldid=1001884224, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with style issues from December 2018, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with disputed statements from September 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, frijol/frejol/caraota (Venezuela)/habichuela (Caribbean)/poroto, trapeador, trapero, lampazo (Argentina, Uruguay), mopa, mapo (Puerto Rico), torta/pastel (Mexico, El Salvador)/queque/bizcocho (Puerto Rico), chévere/chido/piola/copado/bacán/bacano, Transitional area between North and South (, In the past, the sounds for "y" and "ll" were phonologically different in most, Characteristic of Spanish from Spain (except from Andalusia and the Canary Islands) is the, Words containing the three letters together -atl- , are pronounced in a different way in Castilian Spanish as compared to Mexican Spanish. [4], In 711 AD, most of the Iberian Peninsula was conquered by Arabic-speaking Muslims, who had recently also conquered a large part of northwest Africa. The Castilian dialect was one of several dialects in the Iberian peninsula. The Spanish dialect of Castile. In the other Romance languages spoken on the Iberian Peninsula, such as Galician, Catalan, Asturian, and others, Spanish is usually called "Castellán" or "Castellà" instead of "Spanish". Castilian Spanish quickly became the official language of all educational materials and documents throughout Spain. https://www.madrid-university.es/Madrid-Spanish-spoken.html Dialects in central and northern Spain and Latin American Spanish contain several differences, the most apparent being Distinción (distinction), i.e., the pronunciation of the letter z before all vowels, and of c before e and i, as a voiceless dental fricative /θ/, as in English th in thing. Although it’s most closely related to Portuguese—which is spoken south of the border—it shares many similarities with Castilian Spanish, including sounds and spelling. Spanish borrowed words from Arabic in many semantic fields: Many of these borrowings (especially in the scientific field) were then passed on to other languages (English acquired most of them through French). Etruscan – As to how many words in Modern Spanish are of Arabic origin, the estimates vary widely, depending largely on whether the count includes derived forms and place names. Several other languages, including Greek, Arabic, and some of the languages of the native cultures of the Americas have contributed words to Spanish in its modern form. [3] Other Germanic words were borrowed in more recent times; for example, the words for the cardinal directions (norte, este, sur, oeste — 'north', 'east', 'south', 'west') are not documented until late in the 15th century. Semitic – This brief article presents the identifying features of Castilian and offers some interesting information about the evolution of Spanish -- in a nutshell. Below are select vocabulary differences between Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries. And with the addition of Arabic words from the Moors, Vulgar Latin eventually became what we know as Castilian Spanish.This Spanish dialect is considered the purest form of Spanish. Spanish belongs to the Indo-European family, Romance group and is the official language of over 330 million people. Toggle navigation. Spanish is spoken in numerous countries around the world, each with differing standards. Castilian Spanish is the main language of Spain.. Only a few change pronunciation depending on the letters around them. Words like blog, chat, and weblog are used, though bitácora (from cuaderno de bitácora, the captain's log on a boat) is also common. ian (kă-stĭl′yən) n. 1. a. Castilian dialects of Spanish started to take form around the 13th century with King Alfonso X, referred to as the Learned-King of Castile and Leon. Let’s take a look. The other Romance languages include Portuguese, French, Italian, Romanian and Catalan, among others. Influences from Native American languages, harvcoltxt error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFPenny2002 (, harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFSpaulding1943/1971 (, For example, 152 (72%) of the 210 nouns in, harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFLapesa1942/1981 (, harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFCorominas1980-1991 (, harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFCorominas1954-1957 (, Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary), harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFChandlerSchwartz1961/1991 (, Diccionario crítico etimológico de la lengua castellana, Learn how and when to remove this template message, adopted a number of words from some of them, List of Spanish words of Indigenous American Indian origin, List of Spanish words of Philippine origin, Ándalus_El_legado_lingü%C3%ADstico_árabe_en_el_castellano_Resumen, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Influences_on_the_Spanish_language&oldid=1000158922, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Military and administrative terms such as, Terms of architecture and craftsmanship such as, Chemical substances and materials such as, Mathematical and astronomical terms such as, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 21:47. The meaning of certain words may differ greatly between all the dialects of the language: carro refers to car in some Latin American dialects but to cart in Spain and some Latin American dialects. What Makes Castilian Spanish Unique? I'm currently a Junior in High School in Washington State taking Spanish 2, and my teacher last year was from Argentina. See Names given to the Spanish language. There also appear gender differences: el PC (personal computer) in Castilian Spanish and some Latin American Spanish, la PC in some Latin American Spanish, due to the widespread use of the gallicism ordenador (from ordinateur in French) for computer in Castilian Spanish, which is masculine, instead of the Latin-American-preferred computadora, which is feminine, from the English word computer (the exceptions being Colombia and Chile, where PC is known as computador, which is masculine). In English, Castilian Spanish is the variety of Peninsular Spanish spoken in northern and central Spain, or the language standard for radio and TV speakers. Wondering how to learn Mexican Spanish? The Spanish language or Castilian, as native speakers sometimes refer to it, has become one of the most popular languages used in the world today. Iberian – Spanish is the most widely spoken Romance language. Many of them were eventually absorbed into the dialect of the expansive empire of Castile. It is recognised as the only official language of Andorra and is a co-official language in Catalonia, Valencia and the Balearic Islands. “Castilian Spanish” simply refers to a standard kind of Spanish language, or more precisely, the purest kind of Spanish accent. The two terms can by synonymous, or they can be … It is estimated that approximately 3000-4000 words in today’s Spanish … The term “Castilian” actually refers to the province of Castile in central Spain. b. The language of Castile emerged as the primary language of Spain—known to many of its speakers as castellano and in English sometimes as Castilian, but generally as Spanish. Most Spanish nouns beginning with the letters al- (from the Arabic definite article) have their origin in Arabic.[10]. The Spanish language has many other influences as well. uncertain – In many cases, technical expressions that superficially employ common Spanish words are in fact calques from English equivalents. With the conquest, the hispanomusulmanes, or Moors, brought with them their Arabic architecture, art, and of course, language.Over time, Arabic expressions mixed with old Spanish vocabulary to become the Spanish dialect that most Spanish-speaking countries use today: castellano, or Castilian Spanish. 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