Thomas briefly ruled the Byzantine remnants in the Peloponnese, but fled to Italy ahead of an Ottoman invasion in 1461. The siege lasted just 53 days – and the armies numbered perhaps 50,000 Turks and 7,000 defenders. ς Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1404 – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor and the last Roman emperor, reigning as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople. ς Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 [1] [2] – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, [3] [4] [5] reigning as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople. On a Tuesday, May 29th 1453, the last Byzantine emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos died, as did his empire, fighting at the city streets alongside his soldiers. And he went out in a way that none of his predecessors had ever come close to matching. Born in 1404 AD in Mystras, he ruled from 1449 until his death on May 29, 1453, at … Though we haven’t mentioned all of the emperors who died in battle, we must, at least, cover the last ever emperor to fall in battle, who the some would call the last official Roman Emperor. Emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos is not only remembered for being the last Byzantine Emperor who put up a brave last stand against the Ottomans, but also for his last speech to his officers and allies before the Fall of Constantinople on May 29, 1453 by Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II. He had married twice but both wives died not long into their respective marriages, a third attempt fell through and there would not be time to arrange another. He began his political career as the ruler of the southern Byzantine principality of Morea. Constantine XI Palaiologos succeeded his brother John VIII as Byzantine Emperor in 1449. Constantine XI did not will his titles way, but his brother Thomas Palaiologos claimed the imperial title after his death. Constantine XI Palaiologos. This suggests, but does not prove, a very small mintage. Unlike Constantine the Great, who some 1100 years earlier reigned from Constantinople over an Empire that stretched from Britain to Syria, Constantine XI inherited the remnants of an Empire that did not extend far from Constantinople itself. ς Παλαιολόγος, also Dragases), was the last reigning emperor of the Palaiologos Dynasty as well as the last of the Roman Emperors. Constantine XI Palaiologos was the last emperor of the Byzantine Empire. A Hungarian engineer named Orban approached Constantine in 1452. Constantine XI, born in either 1404 or 1405, assumed the throne on January 6, 1449. Despite the empire’s loss, he still tried to build the defenses of Constantinople by having the city walls repaired. 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